Audrey Kurth Cronin came to the U.S. National War College from Oxford University (Nuffield College), where she was Director of Studies for the Oxford/Leverhulme Program on the Changing Character of War. A member of the war college faculty in Washington, DC since July 2007, she also continues as a non-residential Senior Research Associate at Oxford. Before that, Dr. Cronin was Specialist in Terrorism at the U.S. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, where she advised Members in the aftermath of 9/11. She has taught at numerous other universities including Columbia, the University of Maryland and Georgetown, where her long-standing graduate course on terrorism was featured in the New York Times shortly after 9/11. In addition to her academic expertise, she has served periodically in the U.S. government, including positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, and the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. She regularly consults with agencies in both the Executive and Legislative branches.
Dr. Cronin completed the book How Terrorism Ends while on the faculty at Oxford. She also wrote Ending Terrorism:A Strategy for Defeating Al-Qaeda, a policy-oriented Adelphi Paper (monograph) published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies in April 2008. She has a longstanding interest in the question of how conflicts end and wrote her first book on the negotiations over Austria following the Second World War (Great Power Politics and the Struggle over Austria, 1945-1955). Other recent publications include “How Al-Qaida Ends,” International Security (Summer 2006); “Cybermobilization: The New Levee en Masse,” Parameters(Summer 2006); “Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism,” International Security (Winter 2002/2003); and “Rethinking Sovereignty: American Strategy in the Age of Terrorism,” Survival (Summer 2002). Major studies for Congress include Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations (2004), and Al Qaeda after the Iraq Conflict (2003), and Terrorists and Suicide Attacks (2003). She also lately producedAttacking Terrorism: Elements of a Grand Strategy (Georgetown University Press, 2004), an edited volume that examines the full range of policy instruments for effective counterterrorism.
Dr. Cronin graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University and held a postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University. She was a Marshall Scholar at Oxford University, where she captained the first women’s rowing team for St. Antony’s College.
Articles and Monographs
- Negotiating with Groups that Use Terrorism: Lessons for Policy-makers, Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, Mediation Support Project, Oslo Forum, 2008.
- “How al-Qaeda Ends,” International Security, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Summer 2006), pp. 7-48 (lead article.)
- “Cybermobilization: The New Levee en Masse,” Parameters, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Summer 2006), pp. 77-87.
- “Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism,” International Security, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Winter 2002/2003), pp. 30-58.
- “Rethinking Sovereignty: American Strategy in the Age of Terrorism,” Survival, Vol. 44, No. 2 (Summer 2002), pp. 119-139.
- The Diplomacy of Counterterrorism: Lessons Learned, Ignored and Disputed, United States Institute of Peace Special Report (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Institute of Peace, 2002).
- Ending Terrorism: Lessons for Defeating al-Qaeda, IISS Adelphi Paper Series, Routledge, 2008.
- Attacking Terrorism: Elements of a Grand Strategy, (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2004; second printing 2005).
Major Congressional Reports
- Foreign Terrorist Organizations, CRS Report for Congress, RL32223, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, February 2004. (Established this project and directed a staff of three.)
- The ‘FTO’ List and Congress: Sanctioning Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations, CRS Report for Congress, RL32120, October 2003. [Also published in Edward Linden, Focus on Terrorism (Nova 2006).]
- Terrorists and Suicide Attacks, CRS Report for Congress, RL32058, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, August 2003. [Also published in Edward V. Linden, Focus on Terrorism (Nova 2006).]
- Al Qaeda after the Iraq Conflict, CRS Report for Congress, RS21529, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, May 2003. [Also published in Lawrence J. Bevy, Al-Qaeda: An Organization to be Reckoned With (Nova 2006).]
- Terrorist Motivations for Chemical and Biological Weapons Use: Placing the Threat in Context, CRS Report for Congress, RL31831, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, March 2003.
- “Law, War, and the Search for New Strategic Paradigms,” Journal of International Law and Commerce, Syracuse University College of Law, forthcoming 2010.
- “Al –Qaeda: An Idea, Not a Cult,” The Guardian (London), 30 November 2009. [Accessible at http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/10/06/cronin.al.qaeda/index.html]
- “Conception, Criticism, Contribution: Advancing the Research Agenda,” Critical Studies on Terrorism, Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2009), pp. 359-360.
- “Commentary: Al Qaeda’s Support is Fading,” CNN.com, 6 October 2009. [Accessible at http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/10/06/cronin.al.qaeda/index.html.]
- Challenging Deterrence: Strategic Stability in the 21st Century, IISS/CCW Special Joint Report, February 2007 (co-author). [Accessible at http://ccw.modhist.ox.ac.uk/events/archives/mt06_deterrence/.]
- “Al-Qaeda: End of the Beginning,” openDemocracy.net, 9 November 2007.
- “Terrorist Motivations for Chemical and Biological Weapons Use,” Defense and Security Analysis, Vol. 20, No. 4 (December 2004), pp. 21-37.
- “Innovations in Twenty-first Century Terrorism,” Oxford Forum, November 2005.
- “Chemical and Biological Weapons: Understanding Terrorist Motivations,” Swords and Ploughshares, Vol. XVI, No. 3 (Winter 2004/5).
- “Chechen Women: Menace and Desperation,” SIPA News, Columbia University School of Public and International Affairs, Spring 2005.
- “Terrorism’s Lesson Plan,” CSIS Strategy Report, No. 7, September 2004 (coauthor).
- “What War on Terrorism? China’s PLA is Still Fixated on Taiwan,” The Washington Times, 30 July 2002.
- “Terrorism–War’s Other Name,” Joint Force Quarterly, Autumn/Winter 2001/2002.
Select Book Chapters
- “Surrender and Suicide Terrorism,” Why Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2010).
- “What is Really Changing? Change and Continuity in Global Terrorism,” The Changing Character of War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2010).
- “Thinking Strategically about al-Qaeda,” Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America’s Security Role in a Changing World (Washington, D.C.: NDU Press, 2009).
- “How Terrorist Campaigns End,” Chapter One in Leaving Terrorism Behind: Individual and Collective Disengagement, edited by Tore Bjørgo and John Horgan (Routledge, 2008).
- “The Role of the Modern State in the Demise of Terrorism,” Counterterrorism: Democracy’s Challenge, edited by Andrea Bianchi and Alexis Keller (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2008).
- “Studies in Counterterrorism: Russia and Chechnya,” Democracy and Counterterrorism: Lessons from the Past, edited by Robert J. Art and Louise Richardson (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 2007), pp. 383-424.
- “Transnational Terrorist Organizations and Security,” Grave New World: Global Dangers in the 21st Century, edited by Michael Brown (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2003), pp. 279-301.
- “Globalization, Sovereignty and Terrorism,” Chapter One of World Politics after 9-11 and East Asia (Seoul: The Korean Political Science Association, 2003), pp. 3-19.